Chinese consumers are now the engine of worldwide growth in luxury spending. The fast-expanding bulge of affluent citizens combined with a small but very wealthy coterie means there’s much more income to spend on luxury goods and services—from fashion, jewelry, and prestige cosmetics to artwork and high-end travel.
What You Will Learn
1. China leads the world in luxury
It’s a burgeoning market and maybe the deepest pool of spending on high-end products the world has ever witnessed. Understanding the new dynamics is important for luxury brands, of course, but all companies will benefit from insights into the purchasing power and aspirations of these new, mostly younger consumers.
China’s luxury spending will nearly double between now and 2025. Propelling this growth (nearly three-quarters of all new spending globally) is an explosion in upper-middle-class households, which continue to purchase in luxury categories even as growth in China’s economy has eased. The majority of these consumers—about 70 percent, in fact—will be doing their luxury spending overseas, a result of an increasing affinity for outbound travel. Over time, that ratio may shift in favor of domestic spending as a result of moves to cut luxury import taxes.
2. Generational differences
On this bustling terrain, companies will find youthful spenders with a keen desire to be different, the newly affluent with deep pockets, and the truly wealthy.
A luxury vanguard
China’s affluent post-1980s generation is fueling luxury buying right now. They grew up as China emerged as an economic power and are now at the peak of their career and earnings, travel frequently, and spend to demonstrate their individualism and success. The post-1990s millennials are the emerging powerhouse. The vanguard of China’s urban middle-class spenders, they’re a dynamic and digitally engrossed cohort.
Newcomers and status seekers
Across China’s post-1980s and post-1990s generations, there are four distinct clusters of buyers. Luxury newcomers care most about brands, while status surfers are the least brand loyal. Together they account for 70 percent of the young luxury market. Luxury connoisseurs, with more sophistication and higher aspirations, often are business owners with higher incomes or substantial family money. Fearless young spenders shop for what’s trendy rather than branded products.
3. Action plan
Knowing how China’s luxury consumers think and how they connect with products is useful for any business competing in China. We offer some priorities for action.
Invest beyond the brand
First off, companies need to think outside the brand box. Brands matter in informing tastes across generations. Young consumers, while still brand conscious, aren’t loyal to brands in the same way that older cohorts were. They’re more willing to venture beyond them for new luxury experiences and tend to churn through them more quickly than older, more loyal consumers do.
Social influencers create greater luxury discernment among younger buyers. They are more likely to appreciate product nuances, and they’re drawn to brand–product combinations, such as bags from one designer and dresses from another. Luxury companies need the right mix of incentives to get young consumers to try a new brand. And there’s a premium on renewed and refreshed product lines and marketing that creates an aura of novelty.
Target the influencers
Second, luxury companies should earn the digital attention they need by influencing the influencers. After all, media is everything and social media is everywhere. Digitally savvy younger consumers are better able to navigate across channels to get a better deal and use digital media for intensive research before buying. They are heavily influenced by opinion leaders, often global or Chinese celebrities, who talk about and display their purchases on social media. They want personalized digital experiences—from their interactions online to apps that use games to heighten engagement.
Close the sale
Finally, as much as digital matters, companies should look to close the sale in brick-and-mortar stores. Despite their affinity for digital, nine out of ten young Chinese consumers favor in-person experiences with sales staff in brand stores when it comes to making a purchase decision. Brands need to reimagine in-store experiences; catering to young consumers’ desire to feel different and valued is important. They should think of the store as its own media channel. That means better execution across a range of brand stores, premium malls, duty-free shops, and other outlets.